Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
|Published (Last):||5 September 2012|
|PDF File Size:||10.11 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.78 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In this paper I have examined the ethnic boundary crossing process in the specific context of Mexico. Grodsky Eric, Pager Devah. Some boundaries will be more difficult to cross because they entail characteristics that typically do not change within a generation.
Similar authors to follow
cuesyion Further amendments and new laws followed, including the General Law of Linguistic Rights in Research in other national contexts such as Brazil suggests that affirmative action policies recently implemented by the state create an incentive for individuals to identify as members of disadvantaged racial groups.
Using data from the Mexican census I examine the ethnic classification of children of indigenous parents.
The Language Situation in Mexico. The Cyestion of Skin Color in Brazil. These schools teach preschool and primary school children in indigenous languages, and are therefore expected to increase language retention across generations.
Instead of simply asking whether a household resident was indigenous, the census specifically asked whether the household member considered him or herself to be indigenous. The results were generally consistent with those presented below suggesting that the conclusions also apply to young adult children.
Cueztion, Supple and Snipp find that the increase in the tendency to self-report as Native American in the U. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go. Because of the remarkable fluidity in racial and ethnic classification in Latin America, the region provides an important setting in which to study social boundaries. Unfortunately, the Mexican census does not include any questions regarding skin color since it is not used for ethnic classification.
First, with regards to language proficiency, the questionnaire asks whether each household resident speaks an indigenous language and if so, which one. To control for the effect of intermarriage I therefore include as a predictor the indigenous identification of the other parent in the regression models for both indigenous rodolvo and fathers. A Multilevel Process Theory. The boundary that separates the indigenous and non-indigenous population is known to be extremely fluid as it is based on characteristics that can easily change within a generation such as language use, cultural practices and a subjective sense of belonging.
In the analysis below I use data from the Mexican census to examine the ethnic classification of children of indigenous parents. Using data from national household surveys, for example, Schwartzman demonstrates that Brazilian children of parents with higher levels of education tend to be classified in whiter categories.
Yet we do not know how the use of this new criterion affects the rate at which children will retain the indigenous classification of their parents, or estimates of the disadvantage faced by indigenous peoples. Having a mother who speaks an indigenous language is more strongly associated with higher odds that a child will also speak the language stavenhafen having a father who speaks an indigenous language the difference is statistically significant.
Pride in their indigenous heritage is not the only possible reason why parents might seek to identify their children as indigenous. In an attempt to address this problem, the ethnic identification question was slightly revised in the Mexican census questionnaire.
Language proficiency may be thought to provide a bright boundary between ethnic categories insofar stavvenhagen an individual who does not speak an indigenous language simply cannot be considered indigenous.
La Jornada: Falleció Rodolfo Stavenhagen, constructor de instituciones
As mentioned earlier, the indigenous population is not distinguished based on phenotypical characteristics but rather on language chestion, cultural practices and a subjective sense of belonging. Bilingual-intercultural Education for Indigenous Children: Jencks Christopher, Phillips Meredith. Children under the age of 5 may not yet have a well-established ethnic identification.
Following critics of the quality of instruction at these schools, I will also test whether their presence improves educational outcomes for children in the second part of my statistical analysis.
Mexican states are grouped into five regions according to the Mexican National Institute of Statistics, Geography stwvenhagen Informatics INEGIwith the northwestern region used as the baseline category.
Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Intermarriage seems to partly account cuestkon the loss of indigenous language with greater educational attainment of parents, but does not explain it entirely. Learn more about Amazon Prime. This problem is not unique to the Mexican census. The results indicate a statistically significant disadvantage in schooling for indigenous children according to both systems ka classification.
All numbers expressed as percentages unless otherwise noted. Loveman Mara, Muniz Jeronimo O. Similarly, the presence of indigenous language schools rodolfl to increase indigenous language maintenance among children of indigenous parents, but not their odds of being classified as indigenous based on proxy self-identification. Nevertheless, findings from this literature may help us formulate specific hypotheses about the intergenerational loss of indigenous language proficiency, and hence indigenous identification according to the language criterion used by the Mexican census.
Indigenism, Mestizaje, and National Identity in Mexico during the s and the s. The fact that the magnitude of the negative coefficient for indigenous children according to language proficiency is significantly larger than that of indigenous mothers using the same criterion, suggests that only the most disadvantaged children will inherit the language and be classified as indigenous according to stavenhageen proficiency.
How Puerto Rico Became White: Future work should endeavor to disentangle how much of the disadvantage experienced by children who speak an indigenous language is due to lower proficiency in the majority language and how much is due to other factors.
Being a Tzotzil or Mixteco therefore means being indigenous for the rest of Mexican society. In contrast to the percentage of indigenous language speakers, which generally declines for younger age groups, the relation between the percentage of individuals classified as indigenous stavenjagen proxy self-identification and age is curvilinear.
Individuals who consider themselves as belonging to a particular indigenous group may feel no particular sense of attachment perhaps even hostility to members of other indigenous groups.