The earliest known principles of war were documented by Sun Tzu, circa BCE. Machiavelli war in Then in , Antoine-Henri Jomini published his “Maxims” for War version 1, “Didactic Resume” and “Maxims” for War version 2. In The Art of War (), Jomini outlined several Principles of War, of which three were essential. First, keeping in mind the military objective, one should. while Jomini’s—still extant in the form of most modern militaries’ doctrinal. “ principles of war”—hold enduring truths relating to operational art and tactics.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved December 22, from Encyclopedia.

Apart from love of his own country, the desire to study, to teach and to practise the art of war was his ruling motive. One example of a direct borrowing from On War: Retrieved from ” https: These critical comments by Clausewitz are a source of much confusion.

Like other Enlightenment philosophers, Jomini tried to reduce war—a very complex principlles phenomenon—to a rational science. As the discussion so far has indicated, there were many parallels and many points of divergence in the personalities, military experiences, and underlying philosophies of these two men.

In On WarClausewitz’s sweeping critique of the state of prniciples theory appears to have been aimed princuples large part at the Swiss:. Armed Forces They held similar staff-officer positions in the Napoleonic wars, albeit in different armies.

Western systems allow more control and decision-making at lower levels of command, and with this empowerment comes a consistent emphasis. They have been a part of strategic thinking since China ‘s war philosopher, Sun Tzu B. The young Clausewitz also accepted Jomini’s fundamental strategic theme: Elting, ] ; J. Second, before engaging the enemy, rivers, mountains, and other topographical features must be used to gain added leverage.


Antoine-Henri Jomini

Writing in various military journals, Fuller helped popularize their use. Florida State University, War in its ensemble is NOT a science, but an art.

The editor of Mahan’s papers, however, is not sure that Mahan ever read Clausewitz, and if he did, places it around According to a United States Government document fromthe rule governing targeting in a non-international armed conflict is the international humanitarian law which is commonly known as the laws of war. The Art of War. A Military History of the Civil War.

Carl von Clausewitz was a professional soldier from the age of 12 to his death from Cholera—a disease he incurred on active duty—at the age of Despite his agreement that war was essentially a political act, he pointed to the practical implications of this different focus: The archduke has had very little influence in the United States or Great Britain, since his work was never translated into English.

Greenwood Press,contains two explicit references to Clausewitz. Additionally, since their first appearance in English of the military maxims of Napoleon inall English translations have relied upon the extremely incomplete French edition of General Burnod published in He argued that his principles had brought victories to Hannibal, Caesar, and Napoleon; therefore, no matter how warfare changed, they would always prevail.

Specifically, Jomini stated in his book:. It must be observed, in Jomini’s defense, that he had for years held a dormant commission in the Russian army and that he had declined to take part in the invasion of Russia in Jomini was no fool, however.

Antoine-Henri Jomini – Wikipedia

He held a Russian commission, albeit mostly inactive, for the next fifty-six years and was eventually promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. Nine, ten, or twelve principles all provide a framework for efficient development of any objective Principles of War was also a book published in for the Japan Self-Defense Forces. He spent much of the remainder of his long career in the Russian service.


Berthier, however, not only erased Jomini’s name from the list but also put him under arrest and censured him in army orders for failing to supply certain staff reports that had been called for.

Simultaneously, the two writers’ overt mutual insults tend to make other readers—those who are not familiar with both works—assume a basic contradiction in their views.

Jomini and Clausewitz–Their Interaction

Prehistoric Ancient Post-classical Early modern Late modern industrial fourth-gen. Despite his insistence that theory must be descriptive rather than prescriptive in nature, Clausewitz frequently provides instructive discussions of common military problems like contested river crossings, the defense of mountainous areas, etc. Clausewitz, Carl von, trans. These principles can be applied to non-military uses when Unity of command is separated into coordination and reality, Economy of Force is redefined as use of resources, Mass is separated into renewable and non-renewable resources, and relationships are separated from unity of command.

Together, these 12 concepts form the Principles of Joint Operations. The Duke of Wellington considered him a pompous charlatan.

In cultivating our own understanding of war, past, present, and future, we must turn to Clausewitz. Clausewitz, Carl von, eds. In AprilJomini left school and went to work at the banking house of Monsieurs Preiswerk in Basel.

This is part of an extended discussion prihciples some importance, in that Jomin is comparing the naval and land aspects of strategy, and he is clearly discussing the Clausewitzian interpretation without identifying it as such.