In kihon ippon kumite the basic attacks and counters are practised in a set and rigid way. With jiyu ippon kumite these basic techniques are practised in a more. Description of Jiyu Ippon Kumite: After bowing the training partners face each other in shizentai (hachiji-dachi)―with ryoken daitae mae―with. Shotokan Jiyu Ippon Kumite – More advanced one step free style sparring. Introduced to students generally when they have reached the level of brown belt.

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Therefore, the karateka will still be using some level of control, as is obviously necessary, and cannot truly capture the spirit of one lethal strike whilst sparring.

Again after the counter it is important to shift out of range and back into kamae quickly. The hangeki, or counterattack, is usually either jodan or chudan gyaku-zuki. You are then in a state of readiness of any further attacks GO NO SEN Go no sen involves blocking any attack strongly and then launching a counter attack. There are three criticisms to date. If they step out of the ring two times, the other person gains a point.

This will also have the effect of lowering body weight therefore lowering the centre of gravity. Kyokushinkai and its “offshoot” karate organizations are the styles usually known to promote knockdown tournament rules. You are iumite in a state of readiness of any further kumitte. In the case of an oi zuki jodan attack the defender would shift back into zenkutsu dachi and execute a strong hidari age uke, and then deliver a migi gyaku zuki as a counter attack.

From the uchi uke position the hand is always poised for a fast and powerful kizami zuki. However, a few more traditional clubs that never use protective gear for sparring except kuimte and mouth guards that protect against accidental injuries argue that a karateka will not be able to make their most powerful strike when sparring in the dojo against a friend whom they no doubt do not want to injure even hiyu this opponent kymite wearing protective clothing.


Maximum power is achieved from a stable and strong stance. In doing this, it may seem like the student is pulling his punches, when actually, he is developing technique first.

Shotokan Kumite

Another aspect of kumite which is often seen in international tournaments, as well as many local competitions is what is referred to as clashing. Sen no sen – to seize the initiative, or Go no sen – to seize the initiative later.

Many schools prohibit strikes to the groin, while others allow it completely. One example of a scoring system is that the first competitor to take eight points in three minutes wins the bout. For the Chinese film, see Star Runner. With jiyu ippon kumite the student blocks the attack, then counter attacks.

This means when you shift from kamae the width between the feet is increased to around hip width apart, and the length between the feet is also increased. Go no sen involves blocking any attack strongly and then launching a counter attack.

If you miss-time the block either too early or too late your block will miss the attack, allowing it through to its target. You should see all. In go no sen you must time your block correctly with his incoming attack. The hip position of the kamae is also very important. Irrespective of this point every time the drill concludes karateka display mutual respect by engaging in ojigi which, in this case is the standing bow. Both feet should be planted firmly on the ground to increase stability.

The left hand if extended farther forward will be more effective to block any attack but it is virtually impossible to attack with the left hand with any power unless it moves back first. Some schools might limit contact to light contact all around, while others may employ power usage at higher grades.

Many beginners, while sparring, will be instructed to develop control and accuracy first, then speed and power later. This is the most important part of timing. The defender steps back each time, blocking the attacks and performing a counterattack after the last block. Many international tournaments use a “point sparring” form of kumite that requires control ‘pulling punches’ and therefore warnings can be dealt for excessive force on techniques to the head, or sensitive areas.


This counter attack finishes just short of the target with kime and then stops. The traditionalists therefore argue that there is no benefit to sparring with more forceful strikes.

Jiyu Ippon Kumite – Karate Do

From this position both hands are poised for both attack and defence. Therefore the half front facing position is the best compromise.

In sen no sen if you launch your attack too early your opponent will see what you are going to do before he has fully committed to his technique. However, some karate schools use protective gear in free sparring, so that strikes can be delivered closer to their full power. Kumite is the part of karate in which a person trains against an adversary, using the techniques learned from the kihon and kata.

The tournament fighter learns how to shoot in quickly but deliver an unimpressive strike that gains him or her a point.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Kihon, Kata and Kumite. It also helps to develop Zanshin awarenessMaai distancingand Unsoku movement. Jjiyu for a life or death self-defense situation, the spirit and power of the single lethal strike can only be achieved when a karateka does not have to avoid injuring their training partner.

In full contact karate, punches are often “pulled” to some slight extent in training, to minimize the occurrence of injuries that would interrupt practice.