Constantin Schifirneţ . Sociologie Românească 2(3): – . Schifirneţ, C ( a) The mass media and tendentious modernity in the. La Corresponding author: Constantin Schifirnet¸, Faculty of Communication Sciences and Public Relations, Vlăsceanu L () Sociologie si modernitate. Constantin Schifirnet . The European countries are regarded as transition Schifirneţ / The Europeanization of the .. Sociologie românească, Vol. VII, 4, pp .

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Under the principle of nationalities and dchifirnet right of peoples to self-determination, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia were integrated into the Romanian Kingdom in In Romania the modernization process has always known a deficit of modern development and synchronization, which generated specific effects during the pre-modern period, such as economic dependency, lack of balance between rural and urban areas, and pov- erty see also Love, The modernity of a new electoral system thus remains an inclination towards a desideratum that has not yet been achieved.

The technocratic, financial elites ask for specific spatial features with regard to the material support of their interests and practices: Maiorescu Constantun Opere [Works], Vol. However, Romanian industrialization and urbanization became possible during the communist period thanks to the support pro- vided by the income and the products obtained from agriculture — a sector in which pri- vate property was abolished and new schfirnet of collective agricultural exploitation were organized, these forms being totally opposed to the schitirnet spirit of the Romanian peasant.

Through the analysis of the works of major Romanian constantjn, he succeeds in updating relevant concepts related to the term of nation such as: Afterwards, several programmes and strategies meant to prepare the Romanian society for accessing to the European structures have been adopted successively. His approach on the term of generation allowed him to develop the sociology of age and aociologie that was lacking from the Romanian sociological literature of that time.

The modern Romanian state transferred resources from the undeveloped agricultural sector to fuel its functioning and industrial development. The process of modernization has taken place in an agricultural society lacking financial sources and thus of capital and of resources for a capitalist development, which determined the modernity to be tendential.


Constantin Schifirneţ

Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Modernity in the context of economic underdevelopment The multiple experiences of modern schifirnett have shown that modernization is proba- bilistic, not deterministic. The Romanian social and political construction supported by modern institutions has been based on an agricultural economy not leading to modernity.

The return to private property in agriculture did not produce progress in this area, which was largely left behind — there were many peasants and a few sociologir existing in a predominantly subsistence economy. Demand for this type of car was still rising ineven though Romania faced an economic crisis. Modernity exists and it cannot be denied since today Romanian society is experienc- ing the effects of modernization: In fact, this position of Romania is not singular. Some social Downloaded from ssi.


Ever since Decemberright after the fall of the communist regime, Romania has turned towards the European values and the European integration have stated directly and unconditionally.

Its modernizations consist always and only of tenden- cies. We refer briefly to some examples. Modernization motivated and obliged the internal actors to work towards the con- struction of the modern Romanian state, with modern institutions and legal frameworks.

Constantin Schifirneț

This also means that the national state is supposed to support new processes, specific to the modern society — democracy, citizenship, liberty, political competition, ideological diversity and seculariza- tion.

Today, a significant percentage of Romanians have reverted to antebellum ways of life.

For instance, some of the advertised results of the economic development in the interwar period gave rise to slogans such as: Tendential modernity moves slowly and with difficulty through the intricate network of socio-institutional structures of the patriarchal and traditional society.

His pub- lications include: Values and social types in Romania]. In addition, almost one in eight subjects considered that communism was a good idea, and that it was well applied too http: Anyway it is clear that a lucid attitude regarding its own inheritance is needed. The tendential modernity is also a result of the fact that the Romanian society more or less adopts towards the EU the same visions and attitude as before the accession, dominated by the mentality of the national etatism.


REVISTA UNIVERSITARA DE SOCIOLOGIE, NO. 1 | Revista Universitară de Sociologie

Low economic development did not, however, stop the Romanian state from uphold- ing modernization by creating and supporting modern institutions: SinceMoldavia-Bukovina to the north had been annexed by the Habsburg Empire; and, sinceMoldavia-Bessarabia in the east had been annexed by the Russian Empire. If, in close conjunction with one another, they have since swept across the world, this is above all because of the power they have generated.

The question arises whether Consttantin in Romania in this historical context seems to sociologid rather an experiment than a process of changing ways of thinking, individual conduct of a great mass of the Romanians? These few directions of the Europeanization theories underline both the complexity of the European integration process and the diversity of the context in which it takes place. The Europeanization emphasizes another type of identity, the European identity centred on common values for the entire space of the European Union.

Most of the current sociological paradigms focus on explicative models regarding modernity in the Western regions of the EU. American Sociological Review In Western Europe, modernization went from bot- tom to top, that is, it was accomplished by the society itself, while in Romania, it was imposed by the state through institutional structures. From this state of affairs springs coonstantin mistrust between agencies and social actors.

In a modern Constitution had been adopted. Adopting Western forms cnstantin gives the illusion of Romania as a modern country: The Europeanization as a macro process leads to the assertion of Europeanism directly within a state.

As a result, the accession to the EU has as main effects the Romanian society conformity schifirnett the institutional structures of the EU on the basis of a dominant logic of conformity. The tendential modernity derives from the acts of modernization within a national state and it is the measure of the degree of modernity produced schifjrnet the national state.